For example, during the SARS outbreak, without an effective HVA on emerging infectious diseases, some Chinese hospitals could not effectively response to this severe infectious disease and fell into crisis. Military forces have the manpower, equipment, training and organization for an immediate and effective disaster response.
Disaster epidemiology is a relatively new field of study and is defined as the epidemiologic investigation of disaster forecasting and warning, emergency responses according to the different phases of disaster, and the short- and long-term adverse health effects of disasters on the population.
The military medical teams and their temporary military field hospital shelters played crucial role in medical rescue and patient treatment in the disaster zone [ 15 ]. It is also important to merge academic advancement and expertise with practical field application.
The causes were extreme weather conditions and possible human error. Hazards that strike in areas with low vulnerability will not become disasters [ 1 ]. Other stakeholders, such as representatives from the local emergency management office, fire officials, police officials, and the community, could also provide valuable input.
In addition, a community HVA and a hospital HVA should be designed to complement one another for disaster emergency response and rescue. Another method, which was based on the projection pursuit cluster PPC model, was conducted to assess social vulnerabilities to natural disasters in the Yangtze River Delta region of China [ 18 ].
Hazard vulnerability assessment Population hazard vulnerability analysis has been extensively studied and proven to be effective. Abstract China is prone to disasters and escalating disaster losses. Conclusions Natural disasters, such as floods or cyclones, will become more frequent.
In addition, the health impact of the disaster may cause an increased or fluctuating demand for health care services throughout the long-term recovery period, which is the secondary surge capacity [ 7 ]. The Yangtze River Delta region is a typical floodplain.
The periodic evaluation of hospital vulnerability can help determine the impact of internal and external environment changes on hospital emergency rescue capabilities and guide disaster risk mitigation, preparedness, and recovery. The probability of manmade or technological disasters is also increasing.
The second World Conference on Disaster Reduction in emphasized the change from a response culture to a prevention culture to better cope with natural disasters.
The hospital HVA team should also be composed of a multidisciplinary team, including representatives from at least the following areas: In addition, a mobile-phone reporting system was also proven to be successful for filing information and reporting disease numbers [ 15 ]. These stakeholders are very helpful in terms of future mutual aid agreements, collaborations, and coordinated resource sharing.
The closer the distance between the hazard and the community, the more severe the consequence may be to the nearby community; and 3 seasonal or cyclical variations. Sometimes hospital and community HVAs are developed together.
Coordination between civilians and military personnel is essential, and simulations and training must be conducted on a regular basis. The prompt qualitative analytic assessment of different infectious disease risks after the Wenchuan earthquake improved the specificity and completeness of post-disaster disease surveillance and effectively prevented an infectious disease outbreak [ 15 ].
Disaster probability and consequences In addition to type of disaster e. However, most hazards occur in developing or underdeveloped regions or in areas with a high population density, poor infrastructure, and a limited or no disaster preparedness plan.
It identifies key positions and their responsibilities; prioritize tasks immediate, intermediate and extended ; sets plans for training, drilling, and exercising; and guides planning, mitigation and recovery projects [ 25 ].Community Emergency Preparedness Essay.
A+. Pages:8 Words This is just a sample.
To get a unique essay. We will write a custom essay sample on Community Emergency Preparedness specifically for you for only $ $/page. Emergency preparedness and Vulnerability assessment. The Federal Emergency Management Agency calls this analysis a Hazard, Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment.
The analysis and assessment will assist the organization properly prepare for the hazards, identify the risks and mitigate the vulnerabilities.
Emergency Preparedness and Response Joy Carr NUR/ January 10, Sandi Wheeler, R.N., MSN Emergency Preparedness and Response Public emergency preparedness and response is the ability of the public health and health care systems, communities, and individuals, to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from emergencies.
Emergency Operation Plan Development from a Vulnerability Assessment Perspective Learn how to construct a locally tailored all hazards crisis plan based on the hazard and vulnerability assessment.
Kaiser Permanente has developed a Hazard Vulnerability Analysis tool which is available for download as a planning resource.
Individuals or organizations using this tool are solely responsible for any hazard assessment and compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
Nov 24, · The role of hazard vulnerability assessments in disaster preparedness and prevention in China. Yan Du, Yibo Ding, Zixiong Li, and Guangwen Cao The assessment of hazard vulnerability is very helpful in emergency management.
An emergency management geographic information system (GIS), including a vulnerability assessment, has been.Download